Yesterday, Ben Purves, pastor for student ministries at our church, preached a tremendous message on 1 Corinthians 13. Let me encourage you to listen to his message, “The Necessity and Definition of Love,” as he unpacks Paul’s explanation of love in the context of spiritual gifts. Even more, Ben also showed us how Christ fulfilled the qualities of love and how we can look to Christ to find his love, and then how we can love one another more effectively.
Below you will also find discussion questions on 1 Corinthians 13 and a few resources on 1 Corinthians 13, including a five-part series on 1 Corinthians 13 that I preached a number of years ago.
1 Corinthians 13:1-8a
1 If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal.2 And if I have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing.3 If I give away all I have, and if I deliver up my body to be burned, but have not love, I gain nothing.
4 Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant 5 or rude. It does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful;6 it does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the truth. 7 Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.
8 Love never ends.
- 1 Corinthians 13 is the centerpiece to Paul’s discussion on spiritual gifts (chapters 12-14). How should this placement shape our understanding of the text?
- What situations within the church of Corinth as observed in chapters 1-12 would provoke Paul to teach on love?
The Necessity of Love and Poverty of Lovelessness (vv. 1–3)
- How does the structure of verses 1-3 help us to understand the necessity of love?
- What are examples of noisy words?
- What does it look like to have love in our words?
- How should our knowledge translate into love?
- Can you think of examples where knowledge has failed to demonstrate love?
- How might we avoid this error and both know and love?
- How can we guard against loveless sacrifices?
- What does it look like to give and sacrifice in love?
- What is gained as we give and sacrifice with love?
Love Positively and Negatively Defined (vv. 4–8a)
- What is the structure of Paul’s definition of love? How does this help us understand love?
- How does this definition respond to the sins of the church in Corinth?
- How does Jesus perfectly display love as defined by these verses?
- Where does this text confront your heart?
- How might we together as a church seek to love one another according to this definition?
For Further Study
Articles and Sermons
- Love Like Christ: A Look at 1 Corinthians 13 — This blogpost shows the chiastic structure of of 1 Corinthians 12–14 and 1 Corinthians 13:1–13
- What is Love? — A Sermon Series on 1 Corinthians 13 (beware: the audio is not great)
- Charity and Its Fruits by Jonathan Edwards — Edwards classic work is a theological and devotional exposition of 1 Corinthians 13
- Loving the Way Jesus Loves by Philip Graham Ryken – Ryken, former pastor and current president of Wheaton College, looks at Jesus’ love through the lens of 1 Corinthians 13
Soli Deo Gloria, ds
One thought on “The Necessity and Definition of Love (1 Corinthians 13:1–8a)”
Dr. Schrock, I found your article on “The Prayer of Jabez” on The Gospel Coalition site and this was the only way I could find to contact you. I have been a missionary in West Africa for 21 years. Dr. Philipp Steyne of Columbia International University’s book “Gods of Power” transformed my ministry here. In the book he does an in-depth analysis of traditional regions and argues that they are Satan’s universal master plan. All traditional religions involve manipulating the spirits to achieve one’s own will. The year “The Prayer of Jabez” came out, I stopped and visited Dr. Steyne and asked him about the book. He said he knew the author and did not think that was his intent, but agreed that the book was being used in an animistic mindset way. African’s respond to the prosperity gospel because they don’t have to change their religion. They can still stay at the center of life and try and manipulate God to get what they want. Understanding what traditional religion is opens the OT in a whole new way. Israel was surrounded by animists and the constant temptation was to think like them. Unfortunately, materials Westerners do the same. If you are still interacting with people about “The Prayer of Jabez,” I would highly recommend Dr. Steyne’s book.
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